2019最新版美国公民入籍考试100题 中英对照版


A. Principals of American Democracy/美国民主原则

1. What is the supreme law of the land?/美国的最高法律是什么?
答:The Constitution /宪法

2. What does the Constitution do?/宪法的作用是什么?
答:Sets up the government /建立政府体制
答:Defines the government /定义政府
答:Protects basic rights of Americans保护美国人的基本权利

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念。这三个字是什么?
答:We the People /我们人民

4. What is an amendment?/什么是修正案?
答:A change (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)更正
答:An addition (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)补充

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?
答:The Bill of Rights /权利法案

*6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由
答:Speech /言论自由
答:Religion /宗教自由
答:Assembly /集会结社的自由
答:Press /出版自由
答:Petition the government /向政府请愿的自由

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /宪法有几条修正案?
答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27) 条

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/《独立宣言》的作用是什么?
答:Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立
答:Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / 表示美国(脱离英国而)独立

9. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?
答:Life / 生命(的权利)
答:Liberty /自由(的权利)
答:Pursuit of happiness /追求幸福(的权利)

10. What is freedom of religion?/什么是宗教自由?
答:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教

*11. What is the economic system in the United States?/美国的经济制度是什么?
答:Capitalist economy /资本主义经济
答:Market economy /市场经济

12. What is the “rule of law”?/“法治”是什么
答:Everyone must follow the law. /人人都应遵守法律
答:Leaders must obey the law. /领导人必须遵守法律
答:Government must obey the law. /政府必须遵守法律
答:No one is above the law. /没有任何人在法律之上

B. System of Government/政府体制

*13. Name one branch or part of the government./列举政府体制的一个分支或部门
答:Congress /国会
答:Legislative /立法部门
答:President /总统
答:Executive /行政部门
答:The courts /法院
答:Judicial /司法部门

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?
答:Checks and balances /制衡
答:Separation of powers /权力分立

15. Who is in charge of the executive /谁负责行政部门?
答:The President /总统

16. Who makes federal laws?/谁制定联邦法律?
答:Congress /国会
答:Senate and House (of Representatives)/参议院和众议院
答:(U.S. or national) legislature /(美国或国家)立法部门

*17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/美国国会由哪两个部分组成?
答:The Senate and House (of Representatives) /参议院与众议院

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?/美国参议员有几位?
答:One hundred (100) /一百(100) 位

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?
答:Six (6) /六年

*20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?/您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?/众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?
答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) /四百三十五(435) 位

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?/我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?
答:Two (2) /两(2)年

23. Name your U.S. Representative./列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字?

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?/美国参议员代表何人?
答:All people of the state /其所在州的所有人民。

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? /为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?
答:(because of) the state’s population/(由于)该州的人口。
答:(because) they have more people /(由于)该州有更多人口。
答:(because) some states have more people /(由于)该州的人口比其他州多

26. We elect a President for how many years?/我们选出的总统任职多少年?
答:Four (4) /四(4) 年

*27. In what month do we vote for President?/我们在哪一个月份选总统?
答:November /十一月

*28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?/现任美国总统的名字是什么?
答:Donald Trump /唐纳德·特朗普

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?/现任美国副总统的名字是什么?
答:Mike Pence/迈克·彭斯

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Vice President /副总统

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Speaker of the House /众议院议长

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Military? /谁是三军统帅?
答:the President /总统

33. Who signs bills to become laws?/谁签署法案使之成为法律?
答:the President /总统

34. Who vetoes bills? /谁否决法案?
答:the President /总统

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?/总统的内阁做什么事?
答:advises the President /向总统提出建议

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?/两个内阁级别的职位是什么?
答:Secretary of Agriculture /农业部长
答:Secretary of Commerce /商务部长
答:Secretary of Defense /国防部长
答:Secretary of Education /教育部长
答:Secretary of Energy /能源部长
答:Secretary of Health and Human 健康与人类服务部长
答:Secretary of Homeland Security /国土安全部长
答:Secretary of Housing and Urban 住宅与都市发展部长
答:Secretary of Interior /内政部长
答:Secretary of State 国务卿
答:Secretary of Transportation/交通部长
答:Secretary of Treasury /财政部长
答:Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs /退伍军人事务部长
答:Secretary of Labor /劳工部长
答:Attorney General /司法部长
答:Vice President /副总统

37. Does the judicial branch do?/司法部门做什么?
答:Reviews laws /审查法律
答:Explains laws /解释法律
答:Resolves disputes (disagreements)/解决争论(意见不一致)
答:Decides if a law goes against the Constitution /决定某一法律是否抵触宪法

38. What is the highest court in the United States? /美国最高法院是什么?
答:The Supreme Court /联邦最高法院

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? /最高法院有几位大法官?
答:Nine (9) / 9 位

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? /美国首席大法官是谁?
答:John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)/约翰‧罗伯兹(小约翰G.罗伯兹)

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? /根据我国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。联邦政府的一项权力是什么?
答:to print money /印制钞票
答:to declare war /宣战
答:to create an army /创立军队
答:to make treaties /签订条约

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? /根据我国宪法,有些权力属于州政府。州政府的一项权力是什么?
答:Provide schooling and education /提供学校及教育
答:provide protection (police) /提供保护(警察)
答:Provide safety (fire departments) /提供安全(消防局)
答:Give a driver’s license /核发驾驶执照
答:Approve zoning and land use /批准区划与土地使用

43. Who is the Governor of your state?/您居住州的现任州长是谁?

*44. What is the capital of your state?/你所在州的首府为何?

*45. What are the two major political parties in the United States? / 美国当今两大政党为何?
答:Democratic and Republican /民主党和共和党

46. What is the political party of the President now? /现任总统属于哪个政党?
答:Republican(Party) /共和党

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?/众议院的议长是谁?
答:Paul Ryan/保罗.莱恩

C. Rights and Responsibilities/权力与责任

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them./宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案。试举一个。
答:Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). /十八(18) 岁以上的公民(可以投票)
答:You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. /您投票不必缴钱(缴投票税)
答:Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) /任何公民都可以投票(男性与女性都可以投票)
答:A male citizen of any race (can vote) 任何种族的男性公民(都可以投票)

*49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?
答:Serve on a jury /当陪审员
答:Vote /在联邦选举中投票

50. Name one right only for United States citizens./列举一项美国公民才享有的权利
答:Vote in a federal election /在联邦选举中投票的权利
答:Run for federal office /竞选公职的权利

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?
答:Freedom of expression /表达自由
答:Freedom of speech /言论自由
答:Freedom of assembly /集会结社的自由
答:Freedom to petition the government/向政府请愿自由
答:Freedom of worship /宗教崇拜的自由
答:The right to bear arms /持有武器的自由

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?
答:the United States /美利坚合众国
答:The flag /国旗

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?
答:Give up loyalty to other countries /放弃效忠其他国家
答:Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /护卫美国的宪法及法律
答:Obey the laws of the United States/遵守美国的法律
答:Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时)加入美国军队
答:Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)
答:Be loyal to the United States /效忠美国

*54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?
答:Eighteen (18) and older /十八(18) 岁以上

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?(注:回答下列任何两项即可)
答:Vote /投票
答:Join a political party /加入政党
答:Help with a campaign /协助竞选活动
答:Join a civic group /加入公民团体
答:Join a community group /加入小区团体
答:Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。
答:Call Senators and Representatives/拨电给参议员和众议员
答:Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
答:Run for office /竞选公职
答:Write to a newspaper /向报社投函

*56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?
答:At age eighteen (18) /年满十八岁时
答:Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 岁至廿六(26) 岁之间

A. Colonial Period and Independence/殖民期与独立

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?/殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?
答:Freedom /自由
答:Political liberty /政治自由
答:Religious freedom /宗教自由
答:Economic opportunity /经济机会
答:Practice their religion /从事宗教活动
答:Escape persecution /逃避迫害

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?
答:Native Americans /美国原住民
答:American Indians /美国印第安人


60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?
答:Africans /非洲人
答:People from Africa /来自非洲的人

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?/殖民者为何与英国作战?
答:Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)
答:Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)
答:Because they didn’t have selfgovernment/因为他们没有自治权

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/《独立宣言》是谁写的?
答:(Thomas) Jefferson /(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统)

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的?
答:July 4, 1776 /1776 年7 月4 日

64. There were 13 original states.Name three. /美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔
答:Massachusetts /麻萨诸塞
答:Rhode Island /罗得岛
答:Connecticut /康涅狄格
答:New York /纽约
答:New Jersey 纽泽西
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚
答:Delaware /特拉华
答:Maryland /马里兰
答:Virginia /弗吉尼亚
答:North Carolina /北卡罗莱纳
答:South Carolina /南卡罗莱纳
答:Georgia /乔治亚

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?
答:The Constitution was written. /拟定宪法
答:The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /开国诸贤拟定了宪法

66. When was the Constitution written?/宪法是何时拟定的?
答:1787 年

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过。请列举一名《联邦论》的作者?
答:(James) Madison /(杰姆斯)麦迪逊(第四任总统)
答:(Alexander) Hamilton /(亚历山大)汉米顿(第一任财政部长)
答:(John) Jay /(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官)
答:Publius /普布利乌斯(以上三位共同笔名)

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?
答:U.S. diplomat /美国外交官
答:Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /制宪会议年纪最长的成员
答:First Postmaster General of the United States /美国第一任邮政总局局长
答:Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”/《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者
答:Started the first free libraries /开办第一个免费图书馆

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?/谁是「美国国父」?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿

*70. Who was the first President?/谁是第一任总统?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届)

B. 1800s 1800年代

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?
答:the Louisiana Territory /路易斯安那领地
答: Louisiana /路易斯安那

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。
答:War of 1812 /1812 年战争
答:Mexican-American War /美墨战争
答:Civil War /内战
答:Spanish-American War /美国与西班牙战争

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称?
答:The Civil War /内战
答:The War between the States /州际战争

74. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /列举一项导致内战的问题
答:Slavery /奴隶制度
答:Economic reasons /经济原因
答:States’ rights /各州的权力问题

*75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?
答:Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /解放奴隶(解放宣言)
答:Saved (or preserved) the Union /拯救(保留)联盟
答:Led the United States during the Civil War /在内战期间引领美国

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /《解放宣言》达成了什么?
答:Freed the slaves /解放了奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederacy /解放了联邦制下的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in the Confederate state 解放了联邦各州的奴隶
答:Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for women’s rights /为女权奋斗
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗

C. Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information/美国近代史与其他重要的历史资料

*78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争?
答:World War I /第一次世界大战
答:World War II /第二次世界大战
答:Korean War /朝鲜战争
答:Vietnam War /越战
答:(Persian) Gulf War /(波斯湾)海湾战争

79. Who was President during World War I?/第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?
答:(Woodrow) Wilson/(伍德罗)威尔逊

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?
答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗兰克林)

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?
答:Japan, Germany and Italy /日本、德国、意大利

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争?
答:World War II /第二次世界大战

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?
答:Communism /共产主义

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?
答:civil rights (movement) /民权(运动)

*85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么?
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗
答:Worked for equality for all Americans /为所有美国人争取平等

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件?
答:Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./列举一个美国印地安人部族。
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.](USCIS 主考官将有联邦承认的美国印地安人部族清单)
答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔)
答:Navajo / 纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔)
答:Sioux /苏
答:Chippewa /齐普瓦
答:Choctaw /乔克陶
答:Pueblo /布耶布洛
答:Apache /阿帕契
答:Iroquois /伊洛奎斯
答:Creek /库瑞克
答:Blackfeet /布雷克非特
答:Seminole /赛米诺利
答:Cheyenne /夏安
答:Arawak /阿拉瓦克
答:Shawnee /萧尼
答:Mohegan /莫希根
答:Huron /休伦
答:Oneida /欧尼达
答:Lakota /拉科塔
答:Crow /克洛
答:Teton /泰顿
答:Hopi /贺皮
答:Inuit /伊努特


A. Geography 地理

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./列举美国最长的两条河中的一条?
答:Missouri (River) /米苏里(河)
答:Mississippi (River) /密西西比(河)

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/美国西岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /美国东岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋

91. Name one U.S. territory./列举一个美国领地?
答:Puerto Rico /波多黎各
答:U.S. Virgin Islands /美属维京群岛
答:American Samoa /美属萨摩亚
答:Northern Mariana Islands /北马里亚纳群岛
答:Guam /关岛

92. Name one state that borders Canada./列举一个与加拿大毗连的州?
答:Maine /缅因州
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔州
答:Vermont /佛蒙特州
答:New York /纽约州
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚州
答:Ohio /俄亥俄州
答:Michigan /密执安州
答:Minnesota /明尼苏达州
答:North Dakota /北达科塔州
答:Montana /蒙大拿州
答:Idaho /爱达荷州
答:Washington /华盛顿州
答:Alaska /阿拉斯加州

93. Name one state that borders Mexico./列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州?
答:California /加利福尼亚州
答:Arizona /亚利桑那州
答:New Mexico /新墨西哥州
答:Texas /得克萨斯州

*94. What is the capital of the United States?/美国的首都在哪里?
答:Washington, D.C. /华盛顿哥伦比亚特区

*95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/自由女神像在哪里?
答:New York (Harbor) /纽约(港)
答:Liberty Island /自由岛
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).](回答:新泽西,纽约市附近,或在哈德逊河均属正确答案)

B. Symbols 标志

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/国旗上为何有十三个横条?
答:Because there were 13 original colonies /因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地
答:Because the stripes represent the original colonies /因为横条代表最早的殖民地

*97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/国旗上为何有五十颗星?
答:Because there is one star for each state /因为每州有一颗星
答:Because each star represents a state 因为每颗星代表一个州
答:Because there are 50 states /因为有五十个州

98. What is the name of the national anthem? /国歌的歌名为何?
答:The Star-Spangled Banner /星光灿烂的旗帜

C. Holidays 假期

*99. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天?
答:July 4 /七月四日(1776年)

100. Name two national U.S. holidays./试述两个美国国定假日?(注意:必须回答2 个答案)
答:New Year’s Day /新年(元旦)
答:Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /小马丁路德金纪念日
答:Presidents’ Day /总统日
答:Memorial Day /追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日)
答:Independence Day /独立纪念日
答:Labor Day /劳工节
答:Columbus Day /哥伦布日
答:Veterans Day /退伍军人节
答:Thanksgiving /感恩节
答:Christmas /(耶稣)圣诞节

未经允许不得转载:美国入籍考试2024最新版 » 2019最新版美国公民入籍考试100题 中英对照版

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  1. #1


    Kuiwu2年前 (2021-12-24)回复